The Budyonny breed of horses
Stallion Izumrud (Ionizator – Zasechka) 2012 year of birth
Stallion Izumrud (Ionizator – Zasechka) 2012 year of birth First glance, there is no centuries-old history of breeding, and during the first 30 years the breed was oriented on being an ideal cavalry horse, not sports horse. How did it happen that in less than 40 years after World War II the Budyonny breed gave horses which steadily occupied places in the ranking of the best jumping competitors in the world?
What is the secret?
The Budyonny breed is a young breed: it was approved on November 15, 1948. The Budyonny is a product of crossing of two self-valuable breeds – Thoroughbred and Don horses.
The Don breed has not simply become material for use by thoroughbred producers, disappearing in a new breed, no, it has presented the Budyonny a mass of most valuable qualities, many of which provide the breed a growing popularity. The Don breed brought endurance, strength, unpretentiousness to the conditions of keeping. Being the essential qualities for a good cavalry horse, these features have proven to be particularly useful for breeding a mass sports horse.
The second important factor in the breeding of the Budyonny is that mares and suckling foals are kept in tabun. It is a guarantee of selecting only healthy and strong specimens for further breeding. After all, walking with the herd for a day about 25-30 kilometers from birth, the foals get an excellent physical load, which harmoniously develops their body and prepares for future sports tests.
Third, and this is the most important, in creation of the breed were engaged in not simply enthusiasts, but great specialists, such as L. V. Kashtanov, V. K. Osipov, E. L. Davidovich, A. F. Basov. Precisely these people made in 20’s a credible foundation, which allowed the breed operationally respond to all changes, which occurred in horse breeding of that time.
After World War II the orientation was on the production of horse-improvers for agriculture, and in the 50’s there has been an urgent change of course for the sport. Those who have been working with the breed since the very beginning, as if anticipating the tests, which had to pass the breed, were able to maintain a variety of lines and types of horses in the breed. This provided the opportunity to choose the necessary stallions and mares to achieve the goals set for the breed.
For the development of the breed were always chosen the best horses – race winners, prize-winners of sports competitions or the most valuable origin. Thanks to horse racing the horses massively came in foundation stock (about 25% of young stock always raced), which smoothly have tolerated the big physical loads and quickly recovered after them. Precisely these qualities determine success in modern sport.
In addition, races help to identify the nature of the horse, to evaluate its performance, amiability, discipline (after all, stallions and mares work together, and learn to keep themselves within the frames).
Success in racing is not the only criterion for the selection of expectant Dam and Sire – you need to get a good assessment for the exterior and measurements. So the breed was forced to constantly add in growth, massiveness and bony. As a result, over the past 30 years, natives of pure racing lines are not inferior to horses of sports breeding in terms of sports achievements.
As a natural continuation of so effectively started work with the breed, in 60-70 the Stud Manager in the stud farm named after Budyonny, G. A. Lebedev, and the Stud Manager in the stud farm named after the First Horse Army W. I. Muravyov, provided the Budyonny breed with the most valuable sports lines – Rubilnik from Raufbold, the line of Dark Ronald, Effect from Faktotum, the line of Teddy, and Nabat from Beams, the line of Blandford. Precisely these lines provide now in Russia and abroad the sport potential of any half-bred – from Hanover to Selle Francais. And the Budyonny breed is so full of them like no breed in the world!
By the early 80’s in the main stud farms of Russia the compulsory sports training was introduced in practice (springarten, jumping with lunge and under saddle) and were selected sports lines (Bacchus, Derzsky, Pintset, Izyum), representatives of which almost never raced, and immediately were sent on sports secessions. That is why even in the most joyless 90-ies the Budyonny horses always showed outstanding results and they were ridden by leading foreign sportsmen, such as N. Garson, L. Berbaum, Yu. Zyusman.
Today the breeding of great Budyonny horses is done in Rostov region in the stud farm named after the First Horse Army, in the stud farm named after Budyonny, in the stud farms “Tselina” and “Donskoy”, and in Kalmykia, Krasnodar, Stavropol territories, as well as in Primorsky region.
Population of the Budyonny again increases, and the breed representatives successfully compete for the highest places as in traditional show jumping and eventing, and so in dressage (the most interesting that precisely the offspring from racing producers perfectly perform here).
The Budyonny is a breed of Champions. Come for new Champions to us!
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